Principles of Cyber Physical Systems

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Rajeev Alur
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2015-04-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0262029111

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A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems. A cyber-physical system consists of a collection of computing devices communicating with one another and interacting with the physical world via sensors and actuators in a feedback loop. Increasingly, such systems are everywhere, from smart buildings to medical devices to automobiles. This textbook offers a rigorous and comprehensive introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems. The book draws on a diverse set of subdisciplines, including model-based design, concurrency theory, distributed algorithms, formal methods of specification and verification, control theory, real-time systems, and hybrid systems, explaining the core ideas from each that are relevant to system design and analysis. The book explains how formal models provide mathematical abstractions to manage the complexity of a system design. It covers both synchronous and asynchronous models for concurrent computation, continuous-time models for dynamical systems, and hybrid systems for integrating discrete and continuous evolution. The role of correctness requirements in the design of reliable systems is illustrated with a range of specification formalisms and the associated techniques for formal verification. The topics include safety and liveness requirements, temporal logic, model checking, deductive verification, stability analysis of linear systems, and real-time scheduling algorithms. Principles of modeling, specification, and analysis are illustrated by constructing solutions to representative design problems from distributed algorithms, network protocols, control design, and robotics. This book provides the rapidly expanding field of cyber-physical systems with a long-needed foundational text by an established authority. It is suitable for classroom use or as a reference for professionals.


Cyber Physical Systems

Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Houbing Song
Publsiher: Morgan Kaufmann
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2016-08-27
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0128038748

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Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing


Cyber Physical Systems Security

Cyber Physical Systems Security
Author: Çetin Kaya Koç
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-12-06
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 3319989359

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The chapters in this book present the work of researchers, scientists, engineers, and teachers engaged with developing unified foundations, principles, and technologies for cyber-physical security. They adopt a multidisciplinary approach to solving related problems in next-generation systems, representing views from academia, government bodies, and industrial partners, and their contributions discuss current work on modeling, analyzing, and understanding cyber-physical systems.


Logical Foundations of Cyber Physical Systems

Logical Foundations of Cyber Physical Systems
Author: André Platzer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2018-07-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 3319635883

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) combine cyber capabilities, such as computation or communication, with physical capabilities, such as motion or other physical processes. Cars, aircraft, and robots are prime examples, because they move physically in space in a way that is determined by discrete computerized control algorithms. Designing these algorithms is challenging due to their tight coupling with physical behavior, while it is vital that these algorithms be correct because we rely on them for safety-critical tasks. This textbook teaches undergraduate students the core principles behind CPSs. It shows them how to develop models and controls; identify safety specifications and critical properties; reason rigorously about CPS models; leverage multi-dynamical systems compositionality to tame CPS complexity; identify required control constraints; verify CPS models of appropriate scale in logic; and develop an intuition for operational effects. The book is supported with homework exercises, lecture videos, and slides.


Principles of Cyber Physical Systems

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Sandip Roy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2020-10-15
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1107066611

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Develops foundational concepts, key operational and design principles, and interdisciplinary applications for cyber-physical systems.


Cyber Physical Systems in the Built Environment

Cyber Physical Systems in the Built Environment
Author: Chimay J. Anumba
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2020-05-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 3030415600

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This book introduces researchers and practitioners to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and its applications in the built environment. It begins with a fundamental introduction to CPS technology and associated concepts.It then presents numerous examples of applications from managing construction projects to smart transportation systems and smart cities. It concludes with a discussion of future directions for CPS deployment in the construction, operation and maintenance of constructed facilities. Featuring internationally recognized experts as contributors, Cyber-Physical Systems in the Built Environment, is an ideal resource for engineers, construction managers, architects, facilities managers, and planners working on a range of building and civil infrastructure projects.


CyberPhysical Systems

CyberPhysical Systems
Author: Kostas Siozios
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2022-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1000794644

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As systems continue to evolve they rely less on human decision-making and more on computational intelligence. This trend in conjunction to the available technologies for providing advanced sensing, measurement, process control, and communication lead towards the new field of Cyber-Physical System (CPS). Cyber-physical systems are expected to play a major role in the design and development of future engineering platforms with new capabilities that far exceed today’s levels of autonomy, functionality and usability. Although these systems exhibit remarkable characteristics, their design and implementation is a challenging issue, as numerous (heterogeneous) components and services have to be appropriately modeled and simulated together. The problem of designing efficient CPS becomes far more challenging in case the target system has to meet also real-time constraints.CyberPhysical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications describes essential theory, recent research and large-scale usecases that addresses urgent challenges in CPS architectures. In particular, it includes chapters on:• Decision making for large scale CPS• Modeling of CPS with emphasis at the control mechanisms• Hardware/software implementation of the control mechanisms• Fault-tolerant and reliability issues for the control mechanisms• Cyberphysical user-cases that incorporate challenging decision making


Big Data Analytics for Cyber Physical Systems

Big Data Analytics for Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Shiyan Hu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-06-25
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 303043494X

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This book highlights research and survey articles dedicated to big data techniques for cyber-physical system (CPS), which addresses the close interactions and feedback controls between cyber components and physical components. The book first discusses some fundamental big data problems and solutions in large scale distributed CPSs. The book then addresses the design and control challenges in multiple CPS domains such as vehicular system, smart city, smart building, and digital microfluidic biochips. This book also presents the recent advances and trends in the maritime simulation system and the flood defence system.


A 21st Century Cyber Physical Systems Education

A 21st Century Cyber Physical Systems Education
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2017-01-27
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 0309451639

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Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are "engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components." CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.


Cyber Physical Systems for Next Generation Networks

Cyber Physical Systems for Next Generation Networks
Author: Rodrigues, Joel J. P. C.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2018-05-19
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1522555110

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The use of cyber-physical systems in recent computing, communication, and control methods to design and operate intelligent and autonomous systems using cutting-edge technologies has led to many advances. By studying emerging trends in these systems, programming techniques can be optimized and strengthened to create a higher level of effectiveness. Cyber-Physical Systems for Next-Generation Networks provides emerging research on using cyber-physical systems (CPS) as a method to control design and operation of intelligent systems through next-generation networks. While highlighting issues such as increasing CPS complexity due to components within physical and industrial systems, this publication explores information on real-time sensing, reasoning, and adaptation for cyber-physical systems while gaining an understanding of evolutionary computing for it. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students seeking current research on CPS in cutting-edge technologies.


Cyber Physical Systems

Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Fei Hu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2013-09-26
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1466577010

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have quickly become one of the hottest computer applications today. With their tight integration of cyber and physical objects, it is believed CPSs will transform how we interact with the physical world, just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another. A CPS could be a system at multiple scales, fro


Transportation Cyber Physical Systems

Transportation Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Lipika Deka
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2018-07-30
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 0128142960

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Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems provides current and future researchers, developers and practitioners with the latest thinking on the emerging interdisciplinary field of Transportation Cyber Physical Systems (TCPS). The book focuses on enhancing efficiency, reducing environmental stress, and meeting societal demands across the continually growing air, water and land transportation needs of both people and goods. Users will find a valuable resource that helps accelerate the research and development of transportation and mobility CPS-driven innovation for the security, reliability and stability of society at-large. The book integrates ideas from Transport and CPS experts and visionaries, consolidating the latest thinking on the topic. As cars, traffic lights and the built environment are becoming connected and augmented with embedded intelligence, it is important to understand how smart ecosystems that encompass hardware, software, and physical components can help sense the changing state of the real world. Bridges the gap between the transportation, CPS and civil engineering communities Includes numerous examples of practical applications that show how diverse technologies and topics are integrated in practice Examines timely, state-of-the-art topics, such as big data analytics, privacy, cybersecurity and smart cities Shows how TCPS can be developed and deployed, along with its associated challenges Includes pedagogical aids, such as Illustrations of application scenarios, architecture details, tables describing available methods and tools, chapter objectives, and a glossary Contains international contributions from academia, government and industry


Safety and Security of Cyber Physical Systems

Safety and Security of Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Frank J. Furrer
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 559
Release: 2022-07-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 365837182X

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) consist of software-controlled computing devices communicating with each other and interacting with the physical world through sensors and actuators. A CPS has, therefore, two parts: The cyber part implementing most of the functionality and the physical part, i.e., the real world. Typical examples of CPS’s are a water treatment plant, an unmanned aerial vehicle, and a heart pacemaker. Because most of the functionality is implemented in software, the software is of crucial importance. The software determines the functionality and many CPS properties, such as safety, security, performance, real-time behavior, etc. Therefore, avoiding safety accidents and security incidents in the CPS requires highly dependable software. Methodology Today, many methodologies for developing safe and secure software are in use. As software engineering slowly becomes disciplined and mature, generally accepted construction principles have emerged. This monograph advocates principle-based engineering for the development and operation of dependable software. No new development process is suggested, but integrating security and safety principles into existing development processes is demonstrated. Safety and Security Principles At the core of this monograph are the engineering principles. A total of 62 principles are introduced and catalogized into five categories: Business & organization, general principles, safety, security, and risk management principles. The principles are rigorous, teachable, and enforceable. The terminology used is precisely defined. The material is supported by numerous examples and enriched by illustrative quotes from celebrities in the field. Final Words «In a cyber-physical system’s safety and security, any compromise is a planned disaster» Audience First, this monograph is for organizations that want to improve their methodologies to build safe and secure software for mission-critical cyber-physical systems. Second, the material is suitable for a two-semester, 4 hours/week, advanced computer science lecture at a Technical University. This textbook has been recommended and developed for university courses in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.


Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber Physical Systems

Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Yunchuan Sun
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2017-10-16
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9811038929

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This book comprehensively reviews the cyber security and privacy issues in transportation cyber-physical systems (TCPSs). It examines theories and various state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies. Starting with a survey of the latest solutions in TCPSs, it introduces a smart-transport-system architecture design based on cyber-physical systems. It then discusses in detail the principles and metrics of evaluating safety and privacy in TCPSs and elaborates the verification and analysis of secure, robust and trustworthy TCPSs. Moreover, it demonstrates the advanced and novel tools commonly used in practice by several researchers. Lastly it provides an exhaustive case study on the authentication and attestation in TCPSs. This book is of interest not only to readers in the field of TCPSs, but also to those in interdisciplinary fields, such as energy, healthcare, bio-engineering etc.


Security and Privacy in Cyber Physical Systems

Security and Privacy in Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Houbing Song
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2017-11-13
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 111922604X

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Overview of security and privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Network security and privacy for cyber-physical systems -- Tutorial on information theoretic metrics quantifying privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Cyber-physical systems and national security concerns -- Legal considerations of cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things -- Key management -- Secure registration and remote attestation of IoT devices joining the cloud : the Stack4Things case of study -- Context awareness for adaptive access control management in IoT environments -- Data privacy issues in distributed security monitoring system -- Privacy protection for cloud-based robotic networks -- Network coding technique : security challenges and applications -- Lightweight crypto and security -- Cyber-physical vulnerabilities of wireless sensor networks in smart cities -- Towards detecting data integrity attacks in smart grid -- Survey on data security and privacy in wireless sensor systems for health -- Security of smart buildings -- The internet of postal things : making the postal infrastructure smarter -- Security and privacy issues in the internet of cows -- Admission control based load protection in the smart grid


Cyber Physical Systems

Cyber Physical Systems
Author: Chi (Harold) Liu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2015-12-02
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 1482208989

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Cyber Physical Systems: Architectures, Protocols and Applications helps you understand the basic principles and key supporting standards of CPS. It analyzes different CPS applications from the bottom up, extracting the common characters that form a vertical structure. It presents mobile sensing platforms and their applications toward interrelated paradigms, highlighting and briefly discussing different types of mobile sensing platforms and the functionalities they offer. It then looks at the naming, addressing, and profile services of CPS and proposes a middleware component to meet the requirements of dynamic applications and sensors/actuators deployment/configurations across different platforms. The middle chapters of the book present a context-aware sensor search, selection, and ranking model which addresses the challenge of efficiently selecting a subset of relevant sensors out of a large set of sensors with similar functionality and capabilities. The authors consider various topics in the energy management of CPS and propose a novel energy-efficient framework. They also present the fundamental networking technologies of CPS and focus on machine-to-machine communications for CPS, specifically the open technologies such as IPv6-based solutions that can be integrated into IoT and enable wireless sensor communications. In the book's final chapters, the authors bring you up to date on mobile cloud computing (MCC) research activities that enhance the capabilities of resource-constrained smart devices in CPS sensory environments. They also present a few representative CPS applications, including connected healthcare, gaming in public transport crowds, and a series of MCC-enabled emerging CPS applications. You will find that these application fields fully demonstrate the great potential of applying CPS in public life.


Recent Advances in Security Privacy and Trust for Internet of Things IoT and Cyber Physical Systems CPS

Recent Advances in Security  Privacy  and Trust for Internet of Things  IoT  and Cyber Physical Systems  CPS
Author: Kuan-Ching Li
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2020-12-16
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 1000326136

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Security, privacy, and trust in the Internet of Things (IoT) and CPS (Cyber-Physical Systems) are different from conventional security as concerns revolve around the collection and aggregation of data or transmission of data over the network. Analysis of cyber-attack vectors and the provision of appropriate mitigation techniques are essential research areas for these systems. Adoption of best practices and maintaining a balance between ease of use and security are, again, crucial for the effective performance of these systems. Recent Advances in Security, Privacy and Trust for Internet of Things (IoT) and Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) discusses and presents techniques and methodologies, as well as a wide range of examples and illustrations, to effectively show the principles, algorithms, challenges, and applications of security, privacy, and trust for IoT and CPS. Book features: Introduces new directions for research, development, and engineering security, privacy, and trust of IoT and CPS Includes a wealth of examples and illustrations to effectively demonstrate the principles, algorithms, challenges, and applications Covers most of the important security aspects and current trends not present in other reference books This book will also serve as an excellent reference in security, privacy, and trust of IoT and CPS for professionals in this fast-evolving and critical field. The chapters present high-quality contributions from researchers, academics, and practitioners from various national and international organizations and universities.